Popular hermeneutics lead postmodern man to the discovery of a ‘loss of horizon’, which is why the key question of this essay is how to, through Kierkegaard’s paradoxical way of thinking, and Ricoeur’s conflicting understanding of self, grasp the understanding of narrowness of a mediocre life and to an education which prevents people from becoming a mindless horde. The solution to social psychologist Ph. Zimbardo’s search for little heroes, who would outgrow various abuses of a person by another person, is found in interlacing of a single individual and a society that actively accepts a conflict of interpretations.


Key words: S. Kierkegaard, P. Ricoeur, interpretation, single individual, education, Ph. Zimbardo, subject,